Biographical Account: Howard Saunders was a merchant banker and noted ornithologist. He was born in London in 1835, the son of Alexander and Elizabeth Saunders. After leaving school and still in his early twenties, he travelled to Brazil and Chile on business. On his return, he began to write books and papers on Ornithology, starting with the birds of Spain in 1862. He continued to work as a banker, but by 1871, at the age of just 35, he 'retired' in order to devote himself to his ornithological work, describing himself as a scientist of higher vertebrates. Saunders made many visits to Spain, including Southern Spain around 1873 and the Pyrenees in 1883 and 1884. He was particularly knowledgeable about Terns and Gulls and evidently quite generous with his specimens, as he gave many to the Sheffield ornithologist, Henry Seebohm. Saunders maintained his interest right up until his death in 1907. The Saunders's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi) and Saunders's Tern (Sternula saundersi) are named for him.