Walter Monnington was an English painter and made a significant contribution to the War Artists Advisory Committee (WAAC) during the Second World War. He was born in 1902 in Bayswater; London but grew up in Eastbourne, Sussex, He moved to London in 1918 to study at the Slade School of Art. Several years later he won a travel scholarship and became the Royal Academy's Rome Scholar.
After returning from Rome he became an Assistant Teacher of Painting at the Royal Academy, working there until the outbreak of the Second World War.
Monnington made many important works during the Second World War. He complained to the WAAC that the war had not been documented from the sky; he already had experience in aerial observation. He was initially issued with a 3 month contract for aerial encounters and pencil portraits of RAF personnel.
After the war Monnington began teaching at the Slade School of Art, London. Between 1931 and 1970 Monnington exhibited at the Royal Academy and in 1966 he became President until his death in 1976. He was knighted in 1967.