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Kelmscott Press
Biographical Account:

The Kelmscott Press was a book production company set up by William Morris in 1891. He wanted to retaliate against the cheap mass production of books, and instead produce books which people would treasure.


He used handmade paper, special inks and designed his own typefaces for the Kelmscott Press. The first was the 'Golden Type', which was modelled on Venetian manuscripts and the second was inspired by ancient German typefaces. This font was called 'Troy'. A second version of Troy, Morris called 'Chaucer' and he used it to publish a new edition of Geoffery Chaucer's 'Canterbury Tales'. As well as types, Morris designed decorative borders and capital letters for use with his books. All of the books were made in very limited quantities.


He realised that the books would be expensive and beyond most people's budgets, but hoped that in producing books as works of art, the owners would take greater pleasure in and learn from the books.


The Kelmscott Press disbanded after Morris' death in 1886, but it influenced new artistic printing presses such as the Dove's Press.

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