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William Gershom Collingwood
Dates: British, 1854 - 1932
Biographical Account:

Collingwood was originally from Liverpool, but after attending John Ruskin’s classes at Oxford University, he moved to the Lake District to become his secretary. He helped Ruskin with much of his work, not only as an artist but also as a thinker, historian and geologist. In addition, Collingwood carried out his own research and wrote scholarly publications on local archaeology and history. His particular interests included Viking settlements and Norse art and language. 


After Ruskin’s death, Collingwood collected drawings and mementos of Ruskin to create the Ruskin Museum at Coniston, which is still open to the public today. Collingwood also designed Ruskin’s tombstone, based on his studies of Saxon crosses. Its carvings relate scenes from Ruskin’s life.


During the early 1900s, Collingwood became Director of Fine Art at Reading University.

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