General Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole GCB
Biographical Account: General Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole was born in Dublin. He joined a cavalry regiment at the age of 15 and gradually made his way up the ranks, becoming a Major General in 1808 and appointed by the Duke of Wellington, who as a fellow Irish Peer he would have known well, to command the fourth division, which participated in most of the major battles of the Peninsular Campaign. He was wounded in battle on two occasions, the first at the Battle of Albuera in 1881, where he was pivotal in ensuring an allied victory. His second wound came at the Battle of Salamanca in 1812. By the time of Waterloo 1815, Cole had been promoted to Lieutenant General and was placed in command of the 6th Division. However, he missed the Battle of Waterloo itself, as he was busy getting married. Cole retired from the army shortly after the end of the Napoleonic Wars, after which, he was appointed Governor of Mauritius between 1823 and 1828. During this time, he collected a great number of shells. After his time in Mauritius, Cole became Governor of Cape Colony in South Africa before returning to England in 1833. His collection of shells were passed to his family on his death and, in 1881, his eldest daughter donated these to Sheffield Public Museum at the suggestion of Professor Richard Owen, of the Natural History Museum in London.