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The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectAccession NumberCollectionDate Made/FoundTimes Viewed
Pseudo mummyJ31.5.78.18 Archaeology 664-332 BC53
Pygmy cupJ93.891 Archaeology 2500-900 BC10674
Quern1995.262.188 Archaeology 3500-2000 BC490
Retouched flakes from Deepcar.
Retouched flake1995.128.6 Archaeology Around 6000 BC2160
Bone ring from Winster.
RingJ93.1175 Archaeology 800 BC-100 AD1472
Ring from Stanton Moor.
Ring1979.1065 Archaeology 2500-900 BC1749
Rock art boulder2000.198 Archaeology 3500-2000 BC3475
SarcophagusJ1947.320 Archaeology 200-300387
SarcophagusJ1947.323 Archaeology 200-300388
Saw1981.1601 Archaeology 43-450422
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