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The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectAccession NumberCollectionDate Made/FoundTimes Viewed
NeedleJ11. Archaeology 80-400431
Needle1981.1318 Archaeology 550-400 BC521
Needle1981.1319 Archaeology 550-400 BC513
Lead offcuts from Brough.
Offcut1997.40.4.BR83.236 Archaeology 80-400 AD521
Palm guard1995.84.2 Archaeology 1200-15002128
PateraJ1901.47 Archaeology 43-400437
Patera2015.575.1.603.1 Archaeology 50-400479
Peg1995.84.3 Archaeology 1200-15001401
Beaver's tooth pendant from Wigber Low.
Pendant1996.716.6 Archaeology 600-700 AD783
Pendant1981.1312 Archaeology 550-400 BC448
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