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The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectAccession NumberCollectionDate Made/FoundTimes Viewed
token2001.322.153 Archaeology 1538
Contents of torc? Soil?
1984.515 Archaeology 50-80 AD4841
Tweezers1985.230 Archaeology 80-400 AD2594
Unguent1961.39 Archaeology 4695
Unidentified object1995.84.6 Archaeology 1066-16003995
Iron and bone object from Winster.
Unidentified object, ferruleJ93.1174 Archaeology 800 BC-42 AD7747
VaseEG207 Archaeology 4000-3000 BC250
VaseJ99.2 Archaeology 200-300 AD4238
VaseJ99.9 Archaeology 100-200 AD5565
VaseJ99.10 Archaeology 200-400 AD5216
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