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Archaeology

The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite idigsheffield.org.uk

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectAccession NumberCollectionSorted AscendingDate Made/FoundTimes Viewed
Square ended shovel from Odin Mine.
ShovelJ1957.58d Archaeology 1600-1700744
Waste from bone handle making
Handle, worked object, animal remains1995.90.10 Archaeology 1600-1850986
Playing card1995.84.18 Archaeology 1600-17002637
SpurJ1958.18a Archaeology 1600-17002108
Clay pipe1995.90.15 Archaeology 1601-19001027
Cuff link2014.124 Archaeology 1662-1700472
Panel of leaded glass said to have been produced at Bolsterstone.
Window1996.480 Archaeology 1700-180020360
Stone crucible plug from Bolsterstone.
Crucible plug1996.149.14 Archaeology 1700-1800348
SherdK1921.69 Archaeology 1700-18002267
Pin2005.108.2.6267 Archaeology 1700-1855378
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