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The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectAccession NumberCollectionDate Made/FoundSorted AscendingTimes Viewed
Macehead from Liffs Low.
MaceheadJ93.569 Archaeology Around 2500 BC3860
VesselJ99.17 Archaeology 80-400 AD3876
BowlJ1956.76 Archaeology 3500-2000 BC3917
Votive modelJ1956.91 Archaeology circa 2000 BC3963
CoinJ145 Archaeology 101-102 AD4141
VaseJ99.2 Archaeology 200-300 AD4173
CoinJ139 Archaeology 134-138 AD4301
AmuletEG63 Archaeology 30 BC-395 AD4306
Floor tile1977.1079 Archaeology 1325-13654442
Two weights from Brough.
Weight1997.40.4.BR81.73 Archaeology 80-400 AD4443
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