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The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectAccession NumberCollectionDate Made/FoundTimes Viewed
Shovel from Odin Mine.
ShovelJ1957.59 Archaeology 1600-17001046
Square ended shovel from Odin Mine.
ShovelJ1957.58d Archaeology 1600-1700746
Snuff mill1995.84.1 Archaeology 1580-18501535
Spear1989.102.18a Archaeology 43-450 AD1938
Spearhead from Hay Top 
SpearheadJ93.695 Archaeology 1495
Spearhead found with a burial of a boy aged 6-8 years at Wigber Low Spearhead1981.1.101 Archaeology 600-700417
SpearheadJ93.467.a Archaeology 1000-800 BC1144
Spindle whorls from Roystone Grange.
Spindle whorl1997.1.GRANGE.12 Archaeology 1200-1300373
Spindle whorl1981.1335 Archaeology 550-400 BC442
Spindle whorl1981.1336 Archaeology 550-400 BC541
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