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The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectAccession NumberCollectionDate Made/FoundTimes Viewed
ScarabJ11.5.81.237 Archaeology 1550-1069 BC53
Media File ScarabJ11.5.81.257 Archaeology Around 1300 BC427
ScarabJ11.5.81.290 Archaeology 1069-332 BC370
ScarabEG79 Archaeology probably 1550-1069 BC1957
ScarabEG204 Archaeology 1800-19302077
Scarab, scaraboidJ11.5.81.283 Archaeology probably 1650-1550 BC1818
Scrapers from Deepcar.
Scraper1995.128.9 Archaeology Around 6000 BC1755
SealJ19.8.75.27 Archaeology 664-30 BC52
Seal matrix1980.908 Archaeology 1270-1330401
Shears1995.84.15 Archaeology 1066-16001283
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