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The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectAccession NumberCollectionDate Made/FoundSorted AscendingTimes Viewed
FittingEG71 Archaeology 1550-1069 BC216
FruitJ1.9.80.7 Archaeology 1550-30 BC218
SarcophagusJ1947.320 Archaeology 200-300218
Jug or OinochoeJ97.67 Archaeology 750-600 BC219
CounterJ5.6.77.56 Archaeology 30 BC-395 AD219
InlayJ7.10.75.68 Archaeology 1186-1155 BC220
InlayJ7.10.75.66 Archaeology 1186-1155 BC220
KernelJ17.10.80.36 Archaeology 1550-30 BC220
Paddle dollJ1939.65 Archaeology 2055-1650 BC220
JarJ1921.20 Archaeology 4000-3000 BC220
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