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Archaeology

The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite idigsheffield.org.uk

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectSorted AscendingAccession NumberCollectionDate Made/FoundTimes Viewed
Accessory vessel1979.904 Archaeology 2350-800 BC2649
Accessory vessel1979.980 Archaeology 2350-800 BC3266
Seal matrix1980.908 Archaeology 1270-1330266
Bracelet1980.909 Archaeology 200-400 AD698
Mortarium1980.915 Archaeology 100-200 AD527
Spearhead found with a burial of a boy aged 6-8 years at Wigber Low Spearhead1981.1.101 Archaeology 600-700268
Comb fragment from Wigber Low.
Comb1981.1.3193 Archaeology 400-900 AD507
Beads from Wigber Low.
Bead1981.1.3300 Archaeology 2500-900 BC1345
Knife from Wigber Low.
Knife1981.1.4270 Archaeology 600-700 AD460
Ring fragment from Wigber Low.
Bracelet1981.1.4407 Archaeology 470
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