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The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectAccession NumberCollectionSorted AscendingDate Made/FoundTimes Viewed
Rock art boulder2000.198 Archaeology 3500-2000 BC3479
VesselJ1905.97 Archaeology circa 3400 BC80
Food vesselJ1901.38 Archaeology 3250-800 BC460
VesselJ1905.95 Archaeology circa 3200 BC80
One of the axeheads from Liffs Low.
AxeheadJ93.54 Archaeology Around 2500 BC6987
One of the axeheads from Liffs Low.
AxeheadJ93.55 Archaeology Around 2500 BC6949
Macehead from Liffs Low.
MaceheadJ93.569 Archaeology Around 2500 BC4418
Pot from Liffs Low.
VesselJ93.757A Archaeology Around 2500 BC14670
One of the three pots from Hay Top.
Food VesselJ93.782 Archaeology 2500-900 BC2191
Pin from Hay Top.
PinJ93.537 Archaeology 2500-900 BC1860
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