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The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectSorted DescendingAccession NumberCollectionDate Made/FoundTimes Viewed
Architectural fragment, carvingX1982.52 Archaeology 1170-15372679
AxeheadX1978.174 Archaeology 7931
ScarabX1977.1171 Archaeology 1550-1295 BC368
ScarabX1977.1170 Archaeology 2055-1650 BC346
AmuletX1977.1169 Archaeology 1550-1069 BC1588
ScarabX1977.1166 Archaeology 664-525 BC342
CombX1977.1152 Archaeology 1550-1069 BC1648
TokenX1976.202 Archaeology 333
Ticket, tokenX1976.135b Archaeology 330
Axe roughout, Flake, HammerstoneX1975.655 Archaeology 1146
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