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Archaeology

The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite idigsheffield.org.uk

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectSorted AscendingAccession NumberCollectionDate Made/FoundTimes Viewed
Bead1960.18a Archaeology 100 BC-42 AD2434
Painting of Thomas Bateman and son
Thomas Bateman and his son1961.182 Archaeology 18603138
Sherd, whetstone1961.204 Archaeology 43-450 AD4330
Unguent1961.39 Archaeology 2777
Medal1962.46 Archaeology 19152115
Collared urn1966.227 Archaeology 2500-900 BC770
Worked shale from Barbrook II.
Bracelet1966.248 Archaeology 1754
Accessory vessel1966.254 Archaeology 2350-800 BC3839
Mould1969.432 Archaeology 1200-1800755
Dutch oven from Sheffield Manor.
Dutch oven1971.23 Archaeology 17151486
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