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Archaeology

The archaeology collections include material excavated from Sheffield and the Peak District region as well as objects from Ancient Egyptian, Roman and other non-British societies.

The collection was founded by the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society and was transferred to Sheffield’s first public museum at Weston Park in 1875. The collection includes important prehistoric and Anglo-Saxon finds derived from burial mounds in the Derbyshire Peak District by Thomas Bateman between 1840 and 1861. Bateman’s collection includes the Benty Grange Helmet which was the first Anglo-Saxon helmet to be found in Britain.

Around 30% of the collection comprises nationally important material from Sheffield and South Yorkshire dating from Prehistory to the industrial developments of the 1800s. This includes flint implements from Mesolithic sites such as Deepcar and grinding stones used for flour production in Iron Age Wharncliffe. Material such as pottery, knives and coins from Sheffield Castle, which was destroyed above ground in the 1640s, show the town’s importance during the medieval period. Later finds include 18th century pottery from Sheffield Manor and glassware from Gawber and Bolsterstone.

In the last decade the collection has been enhanced by bulk accessions of small archaeological fragments derived from excavations at 18th, 19th and 20th century industrial sites across Sheffield.

You can explore Sheffield's collection in more detail by visiting our subsite idigsheffield.org.uk

Show Objects
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Name of ObjectAccession NumberSorted AscendingCollectionDate Made/FoundTimes Viewed
Dagger1985.243 Archaeology 1400-15001976
CoinJ1938.183 Archaeology 1199-1216809
Knife1995.90.3 Archaeology 1066-16003498
One of the axeheads from Liffs Low.
AxeheadJ93.54 Archaeology Around 2500 BC4431
One of the axeheads from Liffs Low.
AxeheadJ93.55 Archaeology Around 2500 BC4340
Macehead from Liffs Low.
MaceheadJ93.569 Archaeology Around 2500 BC2577
Pot from Liffs Low.
VesselJ93.757A Archaeology Around 2500 BC5910
Dagger from Kenslow Knoll.
DaggerJ93.446 Archaeology 1821
Polishing stone from Kenslow Knoll.
Polisher, rubberJ93.122 Archaeology 1765
Model of Arbor Low henge and barrow showing trenches dug in 1901-2.
ModelJ1929.159 Archaeology 1902-19211406
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