'Aysgarth Force, Richmondshire', after Turner
Date Made/Found: about 1880
, British, 1855 - 1921
Joseph Mallord William Turner
, British, 1775 - 1851
Material and Medium: Indian ink and wash on paper
Dimensions: Support: 120 x 192mm
Accession Number: CGSG00537
John Ruskin gave Hackstoun art lessons via correspondence. Whilst he later used him to make architectural copies in French cathedral cities, he also told him to copy Turner’s works as a method of learning about watercolour.
In general, Ruskin did not approve of artists copying another's work, calling it the 'degration of the art [which reduces] head-work to hand work.' However in the case of Turner, who Ruskin admired above all other artists of his day, he wrote that art students would be 'compell[ed by his] decisive and straightforward execution. …The most rapid appreciation of Turner will be obtained by accurately copying' his work’.
Hackstoun had access to Turner’s original watercolours in the British Museum (now the Tate collection), however as this study is in monochrome it is possible he was studying tone rather than colour for which the readily-available engraved version would be sufficient. This print appeared in Turner’s engraved set in Whitaker’s ‘History of Richmondshire’, published in 1823.