Floral Textile Pattern: Morning Glory
Ruskin Linen Industry
Date Made/Found: about 1890
Material and Medium: pen on waxed linen
Dimensions: Support: 474 x 455mm
Accession Number: CGSG01177
This is a Ruskin Linen Industry pattern, made to help embroider a uniform design on a piece of cloth. The original pin holes are still visible.
Albert Fleming, a trustee of the Guild of St George and his housekeeper, Marion Twelves set up the Linen Industry in the Lake District in 1883. Like Ruskin, they believed that personal industry and creativity created happiness, whereas the drudgery of commercial industry caused misery. In rural communities, women especially had no means of earning money. With funding from the Guild of St George, Miss Twelves taught women to spin linen thread and produce embroidery and lace on quality hand-loomed cloth. These products could then be sold. Through this industry, not only were Ruskin's aims of creating good quality products through skilful and creative methods fulfilled, but the women were able to work at home rather than in unhealthy factories.