Date Made/Found: 1155-1170
Material and Medium: Silver
Dimensions: Diameter approx 20mm
Place Object Found:
Accession Number: 2018.106.9
This coin is part of a hoard of ten medieval silver pennies and halfpennies, found by metal detectorists near the Derbyshire village of Clowne in 2014. It was issued by King Henry II (1154-1189) and struck by moneyer Raven at the Lincoln mint. Eight other coins in the hoard were also issued by Henry II while one was issued by King Stephen (1135-54) thus the hoard was probably lost in the 1160s.
On the reverse of the coins, the moneyer and mint are named. The hoard has coins struck at seven different mints including London, Lincoln, York and Bury St Edmunds. The moneyers were wealthy men in England’s major towns, overseeing the production of coins. Amongst the hoard it is noticeable that most of these men have French names (Pieres, Willem etc.), reflecting the fashion for French identity amongst the elite of the 1100s. This can be contrasted with the moneyer Svein of Lincoln who still has a Scandinavian name which was the overwhelming cultural identity of northern England before the Norman Conquest in 1066.
The acquisition was supported by the Arts Council England/Victoria & Albert Museum Purchase Grant Fund www.vam.ac.uk/purchasegrantfund .