Sign on
Sarcophagus
Date Made/Found: 200-300
Material and Medium: Marble
Place Object Found: Rome
Department: Archaeology
Accession Number: J1947.320
In the Roman period, cremation was practised into the 100s AD. The person's ashes were contained in an urn. Eventually burial replaced cremation. Cemeteries were located outside the city boundary to avoid pollution of the living. For wealthy people, the body was placed in a stone sarcophagus which was decorated with a portrait of the deceased or a relief drawn from mythology.

The average life expectancy at birth was only 22 to 25 years. 50% of children died before their 5th birthday. Children who survived until their 10th birthday had a life expectancy of 50 years but only 1% of Romans reached their 80th birthday.
Display Location: In Store
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