Date Made/Found: Around 2100 BC
Material and Medium: Clay
Dimensions: Length 110mm, diameter (max) 54mm
Place Object Found:
Accession Number: J1956.91
This cone made of baked clay is inscribed with cuneiform script. Cuneiform was an early writing system based on wedge-shaped impressions. It was developed by the Sumerians of Mesopotamia in around 3000 BC and was used as a writing system across the Mesopotamian world (modern-day Iraq and parts of Iran, Syria and Turkey).
The inscription on this cone records the building of the temple of Eninnu for the god Ningirsu. Ningirsu, the god of rainfall and fertility, was the patron deity of the city of Lagash, where this temple was built. The temple of Eninnu was built by the governor of Lagash, Gudea, in around 2100 BC. Cones like these were stuck into the mud brick walls of temples as offerings.